In February 1988, BLACK ENTERPRISE published an unprecedented list of blacks who reached the upper echelons of corporate power. The roster, â€œThe 25 Hottest Managers in Corporate America,â€ looked at executives who controlled multimillion dollar budgets and ran billion-dollar divisions. Not one executive on that list was a black woman. From that original list, however, two reached CEO status at one of the nationâ€™s largest 500 publicly-traded corporations: A. Barry Rand, former CEO of Avis Corp. and Kenneth I. Chenault, current Chairman and CEO of American Express. As of 2009, the list has grown to become the â€œ100 Most Powerful Executives in Corporate America.â€ Currently, there are nine black CEOs of the nationâ€™s largest publicly-traded corporations â€“ including one woman.