How to File a Claim Against BP for Oil Spill Damages

What you need to know to receive payment for losses

Workers process BP oil spill claims at a center in New Orleans, Lousiana. (Source: BP)

As a result of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico many businesses are facing an inability to earn income. Those affected range from commercial and private fisheries to dock, marina and waterfront property owners, and even city, county or state governments.

British Petroleum, the company responsible for the disaster, has taken steps to provide restitution for those and others who are suffering from bodily harm or illness, property damage, and/or loss of income. Last week, the company announced that it would create a $20 billion claims fund to satisfy “all legitimate claims” including natural resource damages.

There are three ways to file a claim with BP. The company is accepting claim applications by phone at 1-800-440-0858, on the Web at, and at one of 33 field offices in Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida. A 1,000-member claim team has already received about 64,000 claims and issued payments exceeding $100 million to date and is preparing to receive more.

Before you place your claim here are five steps you need to take in order to ensure your economic needs are met:

Determine your type of claim. Different documentation is required for each type of claim. Claims can be submitted for:

— Property damage
— Net loss of profits and earning capacity
— Subsistence loss and natural resource damage
— Removal and cleanup costs
— Cost of increased public services
— Net loss of government revenue

Gather your documentation. BP needs verifiable evidence that you have been negatively affected by the oil spill. Here are examples of what you’ll need:

Loss of income or net profit claim documentation can include: Tax records, trip tickets, wage loss statements, deposit slips, boat registrations, and/or copies of your current fishing license. If you are filing for lost wages then file a separate claim form for each person affected. For business interruption losses, a claim representative will determine the amount of time the business was not operational and will request financial records including profit and loss statements and tax returns.
Cash-only employees will need to provide a phone number for manager to confirm employment, but they can submit pay stubs or another document showing how much money they earn.
For claims related to property damage you might need photographs and/or receipts after you replace or clean the property. Larger property damage claims may require an on-site inspection by a claim adjuster. If you are reporting property damage to more than one vehicle, boat, or water vessel, and they all belong to one owner, file a single claim form. If they belong to different owners, file one claim form for each owner.
Loss of rental claims can include prior occupancy rates, cancellations, tax records, and bookkeeping records. If you are reporting property damage and more than one real estate property is involved, please file a separate claim form for each address.
Bodily injury claims are not payable under the Oil Pollution Act of 1990; however, BP will evaluate each bodily injury claim submitted on a case-by-case basis. You will need to provide medical records, medical bills, or pharmacy records to support the claim.

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  • Gal Fleur

    I just had an easy time filing my claim with BP. I know a lot of people self file, but I used

  • james feagin

    I was denied early on at the beginning of this whole ordeal.i want to file a claim I feel like I was treated unfairly compared to other companies in my field and I would like for b.p to take another look at my info.i have been a business owner for over 20 years on the Gulf Coast and I have always been busy up until a year or so after the spill It is dec,13.2016 and I have no business as a matter of fact I have nt a red cent to my name and my excellent credit is toast nt going away even if I have to file a Lawsuit against all the entity’s involved involved ruining my life and my family’s standards of living I was denied 404 a deficiency and never received any follow-up letters explaining what or why not even any letters for the deadline is approaching to the pill anything so I feel like I was violated in that sense.we are now 6 years later and I’m having a hard time getting a straight awnser from anyone I would at this time like for b.p to disregard and deadlines or other protacal and look at my business that are very well documented and do what is that myself and my family can pick up the peace sand start over.with all this there is so much more that my business was accomplishing cooperating other business into my business at the time to be specific a cleaning business a sheetrock finishing repair business all startup businesses that were completely washed away and I believe I probably fell into the category of substance I was a big fisherman Hunter Who provided for my family who traded and made money off cells of fish that I caught a mullet trout flounder you name it whitetail deer turkeys so I’m having a hard time understanding why I don’t have a claim against BP or anyone can lead me in the direction to get one started my company name was Jimmy feagins painting 2927 Aplin Road Crestview Florida 32539 my phone number is 850-826-2090 my email is arcelia 927 at