Single-income Family Buckles Down - Black Enterprise

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Black Enterprise Magazine July/August 2018 Issue

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For Sonya and Jerry Brown, the road to financial security has been bumpy recently. In particular, the past three years have been fiscally challenging for the Detroit couple. In November 1998, Sonya, 30, quit her $32,000-a-year job as a technical recruiter for the Volt Services Group in Detroit to become a full-time mother and part-time student. Since then, they’ve been living on Jerry’s paycheck-he’s a director with computer software company Baan in Troy, Michigan.

They were elated to become first-time parents of son Malik in December 1996, and to have moved into their dream home in September 1998. But it wasn’t long before the endless demands of parenthood, two full-time careers and a new home began to take their toll.

Life was hectic-Jerry, 32, was traveling 90% of the time, while Sonya was putting in a tiring 60-hour workweek. Still, with their combined annual salary of $142,000, they started paying down their $229,000 mortgage and planning for their newborn’s college expenses.

The Browns decided that Sonya would leave her job. While it was not the most ideal financial situation, the stress reduction seemed to be a quick fix for their harried lifestyle.

After Sonya quit, living only on Jerry’s salary meant making sacrifices. First, the couple had to temporarily put saving on hold. Previously, they were padding their nest egg with $500 to $750 a month. But living on a single income meant they were focusing on monthly bills and everyday expenses, such as diapers and baby clothes. Leisure activities were kept to a minimum.

They refinanced their home in the fall of 1999, and borrowed $20,000 to pay off their outstanding credit cards and other personal debt. They kicked off this year still celebrating the arrival of their second child, daughter Candace, born in November, as well as Jerry’s December promotion (plus the promotion he got in June 1999), which will increase his salary to $175,000 this year.

They’ve recently resumed saving for their retirement and their children’s education. For example, they invest $200 a month in the Fidelity Prime fund (Nasdaq: FPRXX) for their kids’ education. And Jerry contributes 6% of his weekly salary to his 401(k) plan and Baan matches that with 3%.

In about three years, they may be able to loosen their fiscal belts a little more. Sonya is planning to reenter the workforce when Candace attends preschool. In the meantime, Sonya is currently attending Oakland community college and plans to get her bachelor’s degree in marketing in a year and a half.

Household Income
Gross income/yr.: $175,000
Household expenses/mo.: 900

Portfolio: 8,000 (incls. mutual funds, E-Trade account & employee stock option purchase plan)
Retirement savings/401(k) 25,000
Disability insurance/mo.: 750

Life insurance coverage:
Jerry (personal) 500,000
Jerry (group employer) 262,500
Sonya (personal) 300,000

Credit cards: 3,000
Car loan #1 (mo.): 388
Car loan #2 (mo.): 460
Mortgage (mo.): 2,700
Mortgage (rental property mo.): 800

Expert Advice
Financial Advisor: James Walton, managing partner and registered representative, Financial Solutions Network Ltd., a unit of Franklin Financial Services, Birmingham, Alabama.

Walton’s Recommendations:
Enhance savings and investments by using a variety of conservative vehicles, increase their insurance coverage, cut excess spending and pay off

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