â€śThe degree to which economic welfare is still heavily concentrated in a small percentage of the population is a big problem,â€ť says Craig Allen, senior commercial officer for the U.S. Embassy, Commercial Section. With the legacy of apartheid still felt economically across the nation, Allen advises anyone looking to do business in South Africa to be aware of its structure. Black Economic Empowerment laws in place since 2007 give an advantage to black-owned businesses and those that do business with them. The mandates look to strengthen black firms. â€śSuch laws are necessary for bedrock stability, for political stability,â€ť adds Allen.
Racial and economic disparity isnâ€™t the only difficulty plaguing South Africa. The staggering poverty (estimated at more than 50%), unemployment (24%), corruption, violent crime, and HIV-related illnesses (5.7 million South Africans are living with HIV) are among the problems with which the people and the government struggle.
Despite these serious challenges, there is quite a bit of money to be made in South Africa. The country makes up only about 5% of the continentâ€™s population, yet generates 24% of its gross domestic product; 50% of its electricity and 45% of mineral production; and half its purchasing power. Africaâ€™s second-largest market, South Africa has a stable political and macroeconomic climate and well-developed financial, legal, and energy sectors. Allen points out, â€śThis is a powerful economy with a modern market. Itâ€™s a good launching pad for the rest of Africa.â€ť
Christopher Whitfield agrees. â€śI always wanted to come up with my own business,â€ť the Detroit native says. But rather than launch a venture at home, the former CEO of pharmaceutical giant Eli Lillyâ€™s Southern Africa business, chose Bryanston, South Africa instead. Now CEO of Batswadi Pharmaceuticals (www.batswadi.com), Whitfield also has interests in a biotechnology firm and clinical research company, ACRO, or African Clinical Research Organization (www.acro.co.za). â€śI wanted to find ways to allow innovative products that we knew could save lives to come here and be used by South Africans regardless of their socioeconomic status. So we started Batswadi.â€ť
For both Harris and Whitfield, it isnâ€™t just about making money, but about financial empowerment. â€śComing from the U.S., Iâ€™ve seen it happen all too many times where the money doesnâ€™t get recirculated into the black community,â€ť says Harris. â€śMy staff is 100% black South African, so Iâ€™m guaranteed that the money is going to get recirculated into the black community.â€ť
This article originally appeared in the June 2010 issue of Black Enterprise magazine.