The Road to Financial Freedom - Black Enterprise

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Black Enterprise Magazine July/August 2018 Issue

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It was the birth of her son, Aquaylis, that started Theresa Reed investing 14 years ago. She bought U.S. Savings Bonds, as well as shares of individual stocks and mutual funds. Realizing that “you can’t time the market, I used dollar-cost-averaging,” says Reed, describing a system by which she regularly purchased shares regardless of their price. This way, the average price of an investment works out to be less over time.

Most recently, Reed has been contributing $200 to $300 a month through Websites such as and, which allow investors to buy fractional shares of stock. For instance, someone can purchase $25 worth of Clorox stock (NYSE: CLX) every third Tuesday of the month.

Reed’s husband, Erwin, 43, invests mostly through his company’s stock-purchase plans; he is a maintenance technician with Abbott Laboratories. Reed, who will have taught public school for some 22 years this fall, has a 403(b) retirement plan with the state of North Carolina. “I am trying to go 30 years so that I can get my benefits,” she jests.

The 43-year-old wife and mother will be eligible for retirement in eight years. Based on the Rule of 72, if she averages a compound rate of return of about 12% a year on her investments, she should have about $1.2 million within the next six years. (To calculate how many years it will take your investment to double using the Rule of 72, divide 72 by the percentage of the compound annual rate of return.)

While she currently has more than a half a million dollars in assets, Reed says her goal is to be debt-free and get Aquaylis on the right financial track so that he can earn a college degree in engineering. To help Reed and her family achieve their financial goals, BLACK ENTERPRISE had them consult with Chicago-based Pierre Dunagan, a financial advisor and principal of The Dunagan Group. He based his recommendations on the Reeds’ aggressive approach to stocks and high tolerance for risk.

  • Diversify within company retirement plan. At press time Erwin had $600,000 worth of Abbott stock between the Company Retirement/Compensation
  • Package and employee stock options. In general, says Dunagan, you should not have more than 25% of your assets in any one stock or mutual fund. Erwin should take the amount of money that is not the company match and diversify it into mutual funds. Thus, if half of his holdings ($300,000) represents the money he himself put in over the years, he should split that amount between three different mutual fund classes: growth stock, aggressive growth stock, and growth and income. Reed is well diversified with annuity choices and small-cap, midcap, and large-cap mutual funds within her 403(b).
  • Reduce the number of individual stock holdings. The couple has positions in 14 different companies. Instead, they should focus on building up six core stocks: Walgreen Co. (NYSE: WAG), McDonald’s Corp. (NYSE: MCD), Verizon Communications (NYSE: VZ), Microsoft Corp. (Nasdaq: MSFT), BB&T Corp. (NYSE: BBT), and Walt Disney Co. (NYSE: DIS). This would allow

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